- Production chain PDF, 0.7 MB
|End Manufacturer||Principal Applications||Product Form||Packaging|
for the up-to-date Spec. Sheet.
|Trace Element, Si + Fe||0.95||0.095||0.95|
|Trace Element, Cu||0.05-0.20||0.05-0.20||0.05-0.20|
|Latin Name||Aluminum (Al)|
|Group In Mendeleev’s Periodic Table||III|
|Atomic Weight||26.9815385, a non-ferrous metal|
|Melting Point||t 660 °C|
Aluminium (U.S.: Aluminum) is a non-ferrous metal. Aluminum was one of the newest metals to be discovered by humans. Aluminum does not occur naturally in its purest form. The manufactured metal was not discovered until the 19th century with developments in chemistry and the advent of electricity. In less than one and a half centuries, Aluminum has journeyed from a precious metal to the material used virtually in every sphere of human life.
Karl Joseph Bayer, an Austrian chemist, invented a cheap and feasible alumina (aluminium oxide) production method in 1889 while working in St. Petersburg (Russia) at the Tentelevsky production facility. Going forward, Alumina became the basic raw material for aluminum production.
The chemist added bauxite into an alkali solution and heated it in a closed vessel finding that the bauxite dissolved but not completely.
Bayer did not find aluminum in the undissolved remains; however he found that the entirety of the aluminim in the bauxite was transferred to the alkali solution during the process. Aluminum production processes used today are based on the Bayer and Hall-Héroult processes.
The aluminum industry was created over several decades. The aluminum industry consumes a majority of the aluminum processed and mined from bauxite. The world is abundant in bauxite, with reserves in the ground exceeding 300 million tons.
Safety Data sheet
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